dhyana in yoga

Introduction to Dhyana in Yoga

Yoga is an ancient practice originated in India that helps us feel the best in our body, mind, and soul. Among all the styles of yoga, there is a unique type called Ashtanga Yoga. Ashtanga Yoga refers to the eightfold path of yoga described by the Sage Patanjali. One should follow these steps to align all aspects of life. Of these eight steps, the seventh step is called Dhyana or Meditation, which is essential to develop mindfulness and focus. This article will discuss what is Dhyana in Yoga and how it helps us become more enlightened and peaceful.

Dhyana, or meditation, is a special part of yoga. It helps to develop mindfulness and focus your mind well. Imagine your mind is like a jumping monkey, constantly moving around and thinking about many things. Dhyana helps calm the monkey mind and make it still and peaceful. When you do Dhyana, you better understand yourself and find peace inside you.

It is like when you sit quietly, and your thoughts become clear, as a calm pond where you can see your reflection. People who practice Dhyana regularly say it makes them feel happier, less stressed, and more connected to the world around them. It is a superpower for your brain that makes you feel amazing.

Understanding Ashtanga Yoga’s 7th Limb- Dhyana

Ashtanga Yoga is similar to a ladder with eight steps. With every step forward, you grow and become more spiritual. The seventh step is called Dhyana or meditation. Dhyana is essential in these eight stages of Patanjali’s Ashtanga Yoga. Before meditation, there is a sixth stage called Dharana, where you learn how to focus your mind. Dharana is a stage just before you start meditating, and it helps you explore deeper inside yourself.

The Meaning and Significance of Dhyana in Yoga

Dhyana comes from the Sanskrit word ‘Dhyai,’ which means to meditate or think deeply. But it is not just a matter of thinking. Meditation is observing your mind, noticing how it runs, and getting good at paying attention. It is becoming so focused that you feel connected to everything around you and understand how everything is related. It is a way of discovering the truth about the world and realizing that everything in the universe is connected.

Role of Dhyana in the Path to Spiritual Enlightenment

In Ashtanga Yoga, there are more important steps before reaching the Dhyana step. These steps are like building blocks to help you become better at yoga.

First come the Yamas and Niyamas, which teach one to be a good and disciplined person. Then, there is Asana, which is entirely about physical postures or Yoga poses. After this, you learn Pranayama, which is controlling your breath. Then comes Pratyahara, which is like shutting down your senses for a while. Before Dhyana, there is Dharana, which is about learning to concentrate your mind. It’s like practicing how to pay attention well. So, all these steps prepare your mind and body for Dhyana, the meditation part of yoga.

  • Deepening Self-Connection: Dhyana involves turning the gaze inward. It is a process of deep introspection, where individuals learn to observe their thoughts, emotions, and sensations without attachment or judgment. This introspective journey enables one to go beyond the superficial layers of ego and conditioning, creating a deeper connection with one’s true self.
  • Transcending the Ego: The ego is one of the primary obstacles to spiritual enlightenment. Ego creates a false sense of separation between the individual and the universe. Dhyana allows practitioners to go beyond the ego by realizing that the self is not separate from the whole. This dissolution of the boundaries of the ego is an essential step towards spiritual liberation.
  • Realizing Interconnectedness: Through Dhyana, individuals experience a heightened sense of interconnectedness with all beings and the cosmos. This realization goes beyond intellectual understanding and becomes a deep awareness. It promotes empathy, compassion and a feeling of oneness with the entire creation.
  • Experience of Samadhi: Samadhi is the ultimate goal of yoga and is often considered synonymous with spiritual enlightenment. Dhyana is the bridge to Samadhi, which involves sustained concentration and absorption. In Samadhi, the practitioner experiences a state of bliss, oneness, and profound insight, transcending all dualities and limitations.
  • Transformation and Self-Realization: Dhyana is a transformative journey. As individuals move through this stage, they experience profound inner change. It helps the Yogi gain clarity about their life’s purpose, true nature, and relationship with the universe. This self-realization is a cornerstone of spiritual knowledge.
  • Union with the Divine: In Dhyana, individuals often experience a sense of union with the divine, whether they see it as a universal consciousness, as a higher power, or as an interconnected network of existence. This connection with the divine transcends all religious or cultural boundaries and serves as a source of spiritual nourishment.
  • Freedom from Suffering: Dhyana enables practitioners to understand the nature of suffering (dukkha) as outlined in Buddhist philosophy and provides a path to its cessation. By confronting the root causes of suffering within oneself, individuals move closer to spiritual liberation and lasting inner peace.
  • Daily Life Integration: The insights gained through Dhyana are not limited to meditation alone. They extend into everyday life, helping practitioners face challenges with equanimity, respond to others with compassion, and live in alignment with their deeper spiritual understanding.
  • Continual Growth: Dhyana is not a destination but a lifelong journey. Even after experiencing moments of profound insight or Samadhi, practitioners continue to refine their practice, deepening their connection with the self and the universe. It is a process of continuous growth and development on the path to spiritual enlightenment.

Connection Between Dharana and Dhyana in Yoga

To truly understand Dhyana, knowing about the step that precedes it is important, called Dharana. Dharana is about focusing only on one thing, like aiming an arrow at a target. Dhyana goes even deeper than that. It is about focusing so much on your goal that you forget everything else, even yourself.

Dharana – The Practice of Concentration

Dharana is the sixth limb of Ashtanga Yoga and is a foundational step towards the seventh limb, Dhyana. It involves the practice of concentration, honing the mind’s ability to focus on a single point or object. Here’s a closer look at Dharana:

  • Choosing an Object of Focus: In Dharana, practitioners select a specific object, idea, or focus point. It could be a mantra, a visual symbol, breath, or anything else to fix attention. The choice often depends on individual preference and the goals of the practice.
  • Training the Mind: Dharana is about training the mind to remain fixed on the chosen object. Initially, it may be challenging, as the mind keeps wandering. However, with practice, the practitioner learns to bring back their attention when it wanders.
  • Overcoming Distractions: It is common to lose focus during Dharana practice. Thoughts, sensations, and outside sounds can divert attention. The practitioner learns to acknowledge these distractions without getting caught up in them and gently returns focus to the chosen object.
  • Increased Concentration: Over time, regular Dharana practice increases concentration. The mind becomes more stable, and the ability to sustain attention improves. This focused concentration sets the stage for the transition to Dhyana.

Dhyana – The Practice of Meditation

Dhyana, the seventh limb of Ashtanga Yoga, follows Dharana and involves a deeper level of mental practice. It is often thought of as similar to meditation, but it goes beyond simply focusing on an object. Here is an exploration of Dhyana:

  • Deepening Concentration: Dhyana is characterized by the deepening of concentration achieved in Dharana. Dharana focuses on a single point, and Dhyana is a state of sustained and unwavering attention to the chosen object of meditation.
  • Mindful Awareness: In Dhyana, practitioners not only concentrate but also develop conscious awareness. It means being fully present in the moment, observing thoughts, sensations, and emotions without attachment or judgment. It is an advanced state of consciousness.
  • Absorption and Unity: As Dhyana deepens, the practitioner experiences a sense of absorption or oneness with the chosen object. The boundaries between the observer and the observed begin to blur, and a deeper connection with the object of meditation is established.
  • Transcending the Ego: Dhyana is a transformative practice that enables individuals to go beyond the ego. By letting go of the sense of a separate self and immersing in the object of meditation, practitioners move closer to achieving interconnectedness and unity with all of existence.
  • Steps Toward Samadhi: Dhyana is a crucial step on the path to Samadhi, the ultimate goal of yoga. In Samadhi, the practitioner experiences a state of profound bliss, insight, and spiritual realization. Dhyana serves as the bridge between concentrated attention and the profound states of consciousness found in Samadhi.
  • Integration and Progression: Dharana and meditation are not separate practices, but a continuum.

Dharana and Dhyana are not separate practices, but a continuum. Dharana prepares the mind for the deeper states of Dhyana by training it to focus. As the practitioner progresses, the transition from Dharana to Dhyana becomes smoother and more natural. Both practices are integrated into the broader framework of Ashtanga Yoga, where they serve as essential tools for self-realization and spiritual growth.

How Dhyana Differs from Everyday Thinking?

Dhyana is very different from our usual way of thinking. Our minds keep wandering here and there without any order, creating chaos of thoughts in our minds.

But Dhyana is unique because it organizes your thoughts. Instead of all the chaos, your thoughts move in one direction without any mental noise or distractions. It makes your mind clear and sharp.

Stages of Dhyana: From Distraction to Deep Concentration

Dhyana is not the same for everyone; it is a journey with different experiences and steps. It starts with distraction, where your mind wanders a lot. Then, it slowly moves to deep concentration, where your mind stays focused on one thing. These steps are like signs along the way, helping you see how well you are doing and how you can improve at Dhyana.

Techniques for Cultivating Dhyana

There are different ways to learn meditation. Some specific techniques include repeating words or mantras, focusing on breathing, visualizing things, or being mindful of things around you. These techniques help you stay focused and go deeper into your meditation practice.

The Importance of a Steady Posture in Dhyana

Proper sitting posture is vital for Dhyana. Keeping your back straight and your body relaxed is a big part of getting into a meditative state. Also, you should sit comfortably so that your body does not bother you while meditating and remains stable. People often sit with their legs crossed, on their knees, or even on a chair if that’s more comfortable to get into the Dhyana state.

The Role of Breath in Dhyana Meditation

Breathing is the most crucial part of our existence. It is essential to focus on your breathing when practicing Dhyana. It uses your breath to focus your mind and go deeper into meditation. Focusing on your breathing calms your mind and helps connect your body and mind, making everything work smoothly and peacefully.

Overcoming Challenges in Dhyana Practice

When you try to do Dhyana, you might face some challenges. Things like getting distracted, feeling restless, or having a mind that jumps from one thing to another can make it tricky. But it’s okay; these are the usual challenges in meditation. To maintain your practice and improve, you must learn how to deal with them. Here are some challenges and the ways you can deal with them:

  • Restless Mind: Bring focus back to your breath or chosen point when thoughts wander.
  • Impatience: Be patient; results come with consistent practice.
  • Physical Discomfort: Find a comfortable posture and use props if needed.
  • Lack of Time: Start with a few minutes daily; gradually increase.
  • Expectations: Let go of specific outcomes; focus on the process.
  • Distractions: Seek a quiet place or use soothing sounds to minimize distractions.
  • Self-Judgment: Don’t be too hard on yourself; accept the journey.
  • Lack of Guidance: Seek instruction from a teacher or use meditation resources.
  • Inconsistent Practice: Establish a daily routine to build the habit.
  • Boredom: Experiment with different techniques and environments to keep it engaging.

One way to deal with the challenges is to meditate regularly every day, or you can also ask for help from people who regularly practice meditation and know a lot about it. This way, you will improve at dealing with these problems and succeed more with Dhyana.

The Benefits of Regular Dhyana Practice

Meditating regularly allows you to experience many good things in every aspect of your life. People who practice meditation regularly and with dedication say they can think more clearly, feel less stressed, and be happier. They are also able to concentrate better.

Dhyana can change you from within as well. You begin to understand yourself and the world better. It helps you grow and become a better person. Here are the benefits of Dhyana (meditation) practice that explains why meditation is considered helpful in your life.

  • Stress Reduction: Calms the mind and reduces stress.
  • Improved Focus: Enhances concentration and mental clarity.
  • Emotional Stability: Promotes emotional balance and resilience.
  • Better Sleep: Helps with insomnia and improves sleep quality.
  • Mind-Body Connection: Deepens awareness of body sensations.
  • Reduced Anxiety: Decreases anxiety and panic disorders.
  • Lower Blood Pressure: Helps maintain healthy blood pressure levels.
  • Enhanced Creativity: Boosts creativity and problem-solving skills.
  • Pain Management: Offers relief from chronic pain conditions.
  • Spiritual Growth: Facilitates spiritual exploration and growth.

Dhyana and Its Impact on the Mind-Body Connection

Meditation is not just for the mind; it is also perfect for the body. When people practice this regularly, they become more aware of how their body feels. It helps them feel healthier, less stressed and better overall. It is a way to care for both your mind and body simultaneously.

Integrating Dhyana into a Holistic Yoga Practice

Dhyana is significant in Ashtanga Yoga, but it is not everything. For meditation (Dhyana) to work well, you need to do other yogic practices, like physical yoga postures, controlling your breathing and following good principles in life. When you mix all these practices, it makes your yoga experience deeper and more fulfilling.


Dhyana is the seventh step in Ashtanga yoga, and it is a powerful way to know yourself better and find spiritual peace. It’s all about concentrating your mind and meditating in a disciplined manner. When you meditate rightly, you can eliminate your ego, realize that you are a part of everything, and become genuinely peaceful. It’s important to understand what Dhyana is, how it connects to the steps that precede it, and how to do Dhyana if you want to take this special journey.

FAQ’s about Dhyana in Yoga

Q-1-What’s the difference between Dhyana and Dharana?

Dharana is the practice of focusing your mind on one thing. Dhyana means going deep into meditation and having your mind completely absorbed in it. So, Dharana is a preparatory step for Dhyana.

Q-2-Can anyone do Dhyana, or is it only for experts?

Anyone can try Dhyana, but it can be challenging to concentrate at first, especially for beginners. With practice and some help, anyone can get better at it over time.

Q-3-How long does it take to meditate?

It is different for each person. Some people can do Dhyana quickly, while others may take a long time. It depends on how much you practice and how well you can concentrate. It may take weeks or even years.

Q-4-Do you have to sit in a particular way for Dhyana?

When you do Dhyana, it is important to sit comfortably and still. You can sit cross-legged, kneel, or use a chair if that is more comfortable. Your back should be straight to help you focus.

Q-5- Why do people talk about controlling their breathing in Dhyana?

Breath control, or Pranayama, can help make Dhyana better. It calms your mind and connects your body and mind. Focusing on your breathing can make concentrating and going deeper into meditation easier.

Q-6- How can you stop your mind from wandering during meditation?

It is common for your mind to wander during meditation. To deal with it, you can notice distractions without getting caught up and gently bring your attention back to what you are meditating on. Over time, you will get better at it.

Q-7- Is meditation related to any religion?

Meditation is not tied to any particular religion. It is a way of exploring your inner self and understanding yourself better. Some people use it as part of their religious practices, but it is not religious.

Q-8-Can you do Dhyana along with other types of yoga?

Yes, you can combine Dhyana with other yoga forms like physical yoga poses or devotional yoga. It can make your practice more complete and balanced while simultaneously caring for your body and mind.

Q-9- Can bad things happen when you do Dhyana?

Dhyana is generally safe and suitable for you. But sometimes, you may feel uncomfortable or experience intense emotions during meditation. If this happens, it’s a good idea to talk to an experienced professional if you need help.

Q-10-How can beginners start doing Dhyana?

If you’re starting, you can begin by meditating for a few minutes every day. Find a quiet, comfortable place, choose something to focus on (such as your breath), and gently bring your mind back to it when it wanders. As you get better, you can meditate for more extended periods. Taking help from a meditation teacher can make it easier for beginners.